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Showing posts with the label British India

Gandhi and Jinnah - a study in contrasts

An extract from the book that riled India's Bharatiya Janata Party and led to the expulsion of its author Jaswant Singh, one of the founder members, of the party. Comparing Gandhi and Jinnah is an extremely complex exercise but important for they were, or rather became, the two foci of the freedom movement. Gandhi was doubtless of a very different mould, but he too, like Jinnah, had gained eminence and successfully transited from his Kathiawari origins to become a London barrister before acquiring a political personality. Yet there existed an essential difference here. Gandhi's birth in a prominent family - his father was, after all, a diwan (prime minister) of an Indian state - helped immeasurably. No such advantage of birth gave Jinnah a leg up, it was entirely through his endeavours. Gandhi, most remarkably, became a master practitioner of the politics of protest. This he did not do by altering his own nature, or language of discourse, but by transforming the very natu

Quaid-e-Azam addresses the Parsi community in Quetta - 13 June 1948


Quaid-e-Azam with Fatima Jinnah and Mumtaz Shahnawaz

Quaid-e-Azam in his school Sindh Madressatul Islam - June 1943

Quaid-e-Azam's portrait in Lincoln's Inn

  The portrait hangs in the Great Hall of Lincoln's Inn

Mr Jinnah in Lincoln's Inn - Application to Amend Name

Mr Jinnah in Lincoln's Inn - Bar Book Entry, 1896

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Mr Jinnah in Lincoln's Inn - Declaration of Eligibility, 1896

Mr Jinnah in Lincoln's Inn - Petition for a certificate, 1896

Mr Jinnah in Lincoln's Inn - Petition for Call to the Bar, 1896

Mr Jinnah in Lincoln's Inn - Entry in Lincoln's Inn Register

5th June 1893, page number 444 starting from 1420 AD. Note the others from India.

Quaid-e-Azam's student lodgings in London are revisited in July 1955

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Mr. Jinnah before the Joint Select Committee

. In 1911 the Joint Select Committee of the Parliament in London asked Mr. Jinnah the question: “How do you justify an advance in self-government with a literacy percentage of only 12?” Mr. Jinnah replied: “Did the lack of literacy prevent you from going ahead with your successive Reforms Acts which continuously enlarged the franchise? And if it is good for England why should it be bad for India?” . .

The Jinnah Cap

One piece of attire has long symbolised Pakistan’s national ideology: the Jinnah cap. Technically known as the Qaraqul cap, for it is made from the fur of the Qaraqul breed of sheep, the hat is typically worn by Central Asian men (presently, Afghan President Hamid Karzai is rarely seen without his). But in Pakistan, the hat has been firmly identified with the Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah for decades. This affiliation has ensured that others who sport the cap are understood to be making a political, rather than fashion, statement. Indeed, as Pakistan’s democratic fortunes have waxed and waned over the years, the choice by certain politicians to don the Jinnah cap has revealed much about political aspirations and the public mood. The Jinnah cap was first initiated into national politics in 1937, when Jinnah sported it at the Lucknow session of the All India Muslim League on October 15. The cap was part of a complete change in Jinnah’s wardrobe; he surrendered his Saville Row suits

The Tense State Drive, Karachi 14 August 1947

. Click on the image to enlarge Despite a warning from a British CID of a plot to assassinate Jinnah during this ride, the program proceeded on schedule. Mountbatten joined Jinnah on this ride from Victoria Road till Government House. The ride was most tense when passing through a Hindu neighbourhood which had little to rejoice and where the plotters were supposed to act. On reaching Government House, Jinnah kept his hand on Mountbatten's thigh and remarked, 'Thank God I brought you back alive'. 'I brought you back alive' retorted Mountbatten. Later on it was learnt that one of the conspirators lost his nerve at the crucial time. Did someone say Advani? .

Quaid-e-Azam in a Refugee Camp

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Quaid-e-Azam with PAF Officers in Risalpur, April 1948

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Quaid-e-Azam with Muslim ladies in Hyderabad Deccan, 1938

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The Khaksars present a salute to the Quaid

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Quaid-e-Azam with Maulana Zafar Ali Khan in Badshahi Mosque

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