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Showing posts with the label All Iindia Muslim League

The Jinnah Cap

One piece of attire has long symbolised Pakistan’s national ideology: the Jinnah cap. Technically known as the Qaraqul cap, for it is made from the fur of the Qaraqul breed of sheep, the hat is typically worn by Central Asian men (presently, Afghan President Hamid Karzai is rarely seen without his). But in Pakistan, the hat has been firmly identified with the Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah for decades. This affiliation has ensured that others who sport the cap are understood to be making a political, rather than fashion, statement. Indeed, as Pakistan’s democratic fortunes have waxed and waned over the years, the choice by certain politicians to don the Jinnah cap has revealed much about political aspirations and the public mood. The Jinnah cap was first initiated into national politics in 1937, when Jinnah sported it at the Lucknow session of the All India Muslim League on October 15. The cap was part of a complete change in Jinnah’s wardrobe; he surrendered his Saville Row suits

The Tense State Drive, Karachi 14 August 1947

. Click on the image to enlarge Despite a warning from a British CID of a plot to assassinate Jinnah during this ride, the program proceeded on schedule. Mountbatten joined Jinnah on this ride from Victoria Road till Government House. The ride was most tense when passing through a Hindu neighbourhood which had little to rejoice and where the plotters were supposed to act. On reaching Government House, Jinnah kept his hand on Mountbatten's thigh and remarked, 'Thank God I brought you back alive'. 'I brought you back alive' retorted Mountbatten. Later on it was learnt that one of the conspirators lost his nerve at the crucial time. Did someone say Advani? .

Quaid-e-Azam in a Refugee Camp

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Quaid-e-Azam with PAF Officers in Risalpur, April 1948

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Quaid-e-Azam with Muslim ladies in Hyderabad Deccan, 1938

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The Khaksars present a salute to the Quaid

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Quaid-e-Azam with Maulana Zafar Ali Khan in Badshahi Mosque

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Quaid-e-Azam received in Lahore by Punjab Governor Sir Francis Mudie

. Click on the image to enlarge Mudie was Governor of Sind before Partition and chose to leave for Lahore on 7 August, the day when Mr Jinnah landed in Karachi, creating an unnecessary controversy. Mr Jinnah's stay in Lahore (26 October - 1 December) was not very pleasant either. He spent nearly three weeks in bed due to illness. His military secretary Col Birnie noted in his diary that Jinnah had left looking sixty and returned five weeks later looking over eighty. His temporary life was drawing to an end. .

Quaid-e-Azam arriving at a party meeting in Bombay

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Quaid-e-Azam with GOC East Pakistan Ayub Khan in 1948

. Click on the image to enlarge Not yet Field Marshal, Ayub Khan was barely a Brigadier at that time. In 3 years he would be the C-in-C and 7 years more the Head of State. The person recieving the military cross is Mohammed Ahmed who became a Brig. and subsequently military sec to Ayub Khan. .

Quaid-e-Azam with Qazi Isa during his tour to Balochistan

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Quaid-e-Azam proceeds to the Viceregal Lodge Simla, 1946

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Quaid-e-Azam's brother Ahmed Ali with his wife Emmy

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